According to the report, J lineages are proportionally found higher in Semitic speakers in Ethiopia, ~21% ,followed by Omotic speakers at ~ 12% and Cushitic speakers at ~ 8%. Out of the 691 YDNA J lineages reported, 259 were Semitic speakers, 266 spoke some type of Omotic language and most of the remainder spoke Cushitic languages.
Using the STR data provided, along with linguistic information, below I have estimated the respective TMRCAs using the previously outlined ASD method (and calculator) for the major linguistic groups, in addition to selected populations within those linguistic groups that were found with a high frequency of Haplogroup J.
- Generally the Semitic speaking groups harbour the oldest J lineages, followed by Omotic and then Cushitic speaking groups
- It is very rare to see similar and even less TMRCA estimates between the Zhiv. rates and the pedigree/familial rates as can be seen above (especially for Chandler), this could be due to the small numbers of markers used however
- Within the specific groups tested, the Omotic speaking shekecho appear to have the oldest J lineages, followed by the Semitic speaking Gurage and the Cushitic speaking Kembata, while the Yem and Afar seem to harbour the youngest J lineages
- Note that different samples of Agews are found in both the Semitic and Cushitic groups, that is because in those that are labeled under Agew_Cush, they are classified as Cushitic speakers but self identified as Agews, where as those labeled under Agew_Sem are those classified as Semitic speakers while also self identifying as Agews.
- Similarly, for those labeled under 'Amhara' in the Semitic group, are only who identified as Amhara, and not for all who spoke Amharic as a first language, since almost all the (239/259) samples that were classified as Semitic speakers, spoke Amharic as their first language, but identified differently from their first language, i.e. as Gurage, Tigray or Agew (and also other IDs traditionally held amongst non-semitic speakers)
- Details of the analysis can be seen here