Y-chromosome variation among Sudanese: restricted gene flow, concordance with language, geography, and history. Hassan (2008)
Here is a map of the populations tested from Fig.1 of the Study
Here below is the phylogeny (as known back in 2008) of the SNPs tested, note that those in bold; E-M75, E-P2, G-M201 and T-M70 were NOT tested in the study.
|SNPs tested (except those in bold)|
|Cruciani's V-Series SNPs (2007)|
- The high level (38%) of E-M215 (x M78) in the Borgu is quite intriguing, I wonder what variant/s of E-M215 it is?
- Almost all the J-12f2(x M172) should be J-M267.
- B-M60 is found in Southern Nilo-Saharan speakers and not the North Western ones, while A-M13 is found in both.
F-M89(x M52, M170, I2f2, M9) found in the north is also interesting, although it could possibly be G-M201, at least part of it. E-V22 has a relatively high presence in these samples, even when compared to the Egyptian samples from Cruciani '07, and most certainly higher than its presence in Ethiopia. The High presence of E-V12 (x V32) is also concordant with its putative area of origin, all the E-M78 found in the Nuer and the Copts is of this variety. The presence of E-M78* in the Masalit and the Nuba is notable. Off course the strangest result is the 54% R-M173 (x P25) in the Fulani, this could be some R1b*(R-M343), or some type of R1a, the latter would be very out of place for the region, while the former could be reconciled with the presence of more downstream R1b variants in Africa.